(Solution) Math225 Week 4 Discussion: Probability

Read/review the following resources for this activity:

  • OpenStax Textbook: Chapter 2, 3
  • Lesson
  • Minimum of 1 scholarly source

In your reference for this assignment, be sure to include both your text/class materials AND your outside reading(s).

Initial Post Instructions

Probability plays a major role in the medical community. Diagnoses are based on probabilities. They are really questions or “what if’s”, and are answered by the probability that the treatment will be the best for the ailment.

Let’s look at probability in terms of both the real world and the medical community.

  1. Survey 30 people to find out if they are left-handed or right-handed, and use the following chart to create a contingency table with the information.

Left handed Right handed Total Female Male Total

  1. Answer the following questions about the information in your contingency table:
    1. If a person is randomly selected from the survey participants, what is the probability that the person will be left-handed?
    2. If you randomly choose a female from the people you surveyed, what is the probability that she is left-handed?
    3. What is the odds ratio of choosing a left-handed female?
    4. What is the relative risk of choosing a left-handed female?


  Green Blue Total
Cats 40 (A) 20 (B) 60 (A+B)
Dogs 30 (C) 40 (D) 70 (C+D)
Total 70 (A+C) 60 (B+D) 130 (A+B+C+D)
  1. Probability of Green – (A+C)/(A+B+C+D): 70/130 = 0.54
  2. Probability of Green Cat – A/(A+B): 40/60 = 0.67
  3. Odds Ratio of Green Cat – (A/B)/(C/D) or AD/BC: (4040)/(2030) = 1600/600 = 2.67
  4. Relative Risk of Green Cat – [A/(A+C)]/[B/(B+D)]: (40/70)/(20/60) = 1.71
  1. Skim through at least one of the following articles on left-handed vs. right-handed people from the Chamberlain Library. Answer the following question: How do the probabilities and percentages for your study compare to those in the study you read?
    1. https://search-proquest-com.chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/nahs/docview/211689160/DB2AB8D1E63B4638PQ/4?accountid=147674 (Links to an external site.)
    2. https://search-proquest-com.chamberlainuniversity.idm.oclc.org/nahs/docview/1326739712/DB2AB8D1E63B4638PQ/10?accountid=147674 (Links to an external site.)

Follow-Up Post Instructions

Respond to at least two peers or one peer and the instructor. Further the dialogue by providing more information and clarification.

Writing Requirements

  • Minimum of 3 posts (1 initial & 2 follow-up)
  • APA format for in-text citations and list of references


This activity will be graded using the Discussion Grading Rubric. Please review the following link:

Course Outcomes (CO): 6

Due Date for Initial Post: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Wednesday

Due Date for Follow-Up Posts: By 11:59 p.m. MT on Sunday


Nurses rely on statistics to enhance the quality of care, improve patient outcomes, proof evidence-based practices, compare various interventions, and enhance cost-effectiveness of their practice. probability is one of the statistics we use. This statistical concept helps nurses predict or measure the prospects a given outcome(Holmes, Illowsky, & Dean, 2019). For example, nurses can use probability to predict the likelihood of a patient experiencing an adverse reaction following the administration of a given medicine. In this assignment, I was tasked with collecting data on lefthanded-ness from a sample of 30 persons. As shown in the results above, I found that one is 23% likely to randomly select a left-handed person from my sample. Conversely, the chosen research stipulates that left-handedness has a lesser probability of just 10% to 13% (2001). The difference in probability can be due to my use of a considerably small sample….Please click here to download at $5